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Government Of Assam Majuli District

Irrigation

  • INTRODUCTION

    India is an agrarian economy. Large chunk of Indian population is dependent on Agriculture and allied activity. Indian farmers are heavily dependent on Monsoon / rainy seasons for cultivation of crops. Failure of monsoon often leads to draught like situation affecting the crops. For the growth of Indian Economy, to feed its huge population without degradation and destruction of critical ecosystem services, stress need to be given on adequate supply of water to the cultivable lands through irrigation schemes. Water is precious resource. Hence  it is vital to adopt effective utilization of water through storage , channelizing and judicious  uses .The Irrigation provision to cultivable field should be cost effective at the same time should achieve social objective such as food security or poverty alleviation. Improved allocation of irrigation water is required within in agricultural sector in order to achieve greater efficiently in use of irrigation water of existing irrigation infrastructures. Re-allocation is also required in order to reduce water logging and stalinisation of irrigated land to decrease the negative environmental and other externalities (caused by over extraction of ground water and depletion and pollution of surface water).The Irrigation Department is responsible for creation of major medium and minor Irrigation schemes. The surface flow and lift Irrigation schemes are constructed mostly in the perennial rivers, streams and natural damages etc. The deep tube wells and shallow tube wells Irrigation schemes are constructed to draws underground water to meet the Irrigation needs.

    Irrigation is the process by which water is brought to land through any of a variety of artificial means to the soil surface to make up the deficiency of moisture under natural condition for the profitable growth of crops which otherwise could not be assured.. The people of Majuli District are mainly dependent on cultivation for their livelihood. The economic condition of the people of Majuli District is very poor and hence Irrigation becomes an essential modern practice for the Agriculture development of the District. Various types of Irrigation schemes are taken such as Flow Irrigation Schemes/ Sluice gate, Lift Irrigation Schemes, MDTW and STW etc. under the Majuli Sub-Division which is under Jorhat Division, Irrigation Department.

    AT A GLANCE

    Total numbers of ongoing and completed schemes         = 47 nos.

    Proposed for Abandonment                                              = 4 nos.

    Proposed for Foreclosure                                                  = 3nos.

    Estimated Potential (NIA)                                                  = 4965 ha

    Potential (NIA) created (ha)                                              = 4725 ha

    Potential (NIA) available (ha)                                            = 2455 ha

    SUCCESS DURING THE LAST TWO YEAR (2017-18 TO 2018-19)

    A brief description of the schemes completed under Majuli Sub-Division is given below:

    1. STW scheme in Phuloni area(116 points) under TSP for the year 2013-14.
    2. STW scheme in Koliagaon area (116 points) under TSP for the year 2013-14.
    3. STW scheme in Nayabazaar and Ratanpur area (163 points) under SCSP for the year 2013-14.
    4. LIS from river Luit at Jowtoli in Garamur area Ph-1 under SCSP for the year 2013-14.
    5. STW scheme in Bongaon area (60 points) under SCSP for the year 2013-14.

    ONGOING SCHEMES

    A brief description on ongoing schemes:

    1. Solar powered MDTW scheme in Majuli & Ujani Majuli Development Block (8 points).
    2. MDTW scheme in Ujani Majuli Development Block (1 point) under RIDF-XXIV (NABARD).